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Review of: Marlene Dietrich

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Marlene Dietrich

This category contains only the following page. Marlene Dietrich. Media in category "Marlene Dietrich". The following 39 files are in this category. MARLENE DIETRICH & skulls ) SHANGHAI EXPRESS. Was 's highest​-grossing film, & won the Oscar for Best Cinematography. Photo (detail) by Don. Die Schauspielerin ist eine der großen Ikonen der Kinogeschichte. Eine neue Biografie blickt zurück auf das Leben von Marlene Dietrich - und.

Marlene Dietrich Tanzend zum Erfolg

Marlene Dietrich war eine deutsch-amerikanische Schauspielerin und Sängerin. Sie nahm die Staatsbürgerschaft der Vereinigten Staaten an und unterstützte die US-Truppen während des Zweiten Weltkriegs. Dietrich gilt als Hollywood- und Stilikone. Marlene Dietrich (eigentlich Marie Magdalene Dietrich; * Dezember in Schöneberg, heute Berlin; † 6. Mai in Paris) war eine. Marlene Dietrich Marlene Dietrich auf dem Passagierdampfer "​Bremen" bei der Überfahrt in die USA, Ihren Durchbruch schaffte die Berlinerin Marlene Dietrich () als fesche Lola in dem von dem Regisseur Josef von Sternberg. Die Schauspielerin ist eine der großen Ikonen der Kinogeschichte. Eine neue Biografie blickt zurück auf das Leben von Marlene Dietrich - und. 13 Jahre auf dem Sterbebett: Sie war eine lebende Legende, dann zog Marlene Dietrich sich plötzlich zurück. Nach einem Unfall versteckte die. 90 Jahre "Der Blaue Engel": Wie man den Nachlass von Marlene Dietrich online erforschen kann. Am 1. April feierte der Film, mit dem die.

Marlene Dietrich

Marlene Dietrich Marlene Dietrich auf dem Passagierdampfer "​Bremen" bei der Überfahrt in die USA, Die Schauspielerin ist eine der großen Ikonen der Kinogeschichte. Eine neue Biografie blickt zurück auf das Leben von Marlene Dietrich - und. 90 Jahre "Der Blaue Engel": Wie man den Nachlass von Marlene Dietrich online erforschen kann. Am 1. April feierte der Film, mit dem die.

Felsing , die Tochter eines Berliner Juweliers. Von Losch starb an der Ostfront an einer Kriegsverletzung [14]. Zu einer Adoption der beiden Töchter war es nicht gekommen.

Ab dem Die hier erworbenen Fertigkeiten ermöglichten ihr später — längst zum Filmstar avanciert — das virtuose Spiel auf der Singenden Säge , mit dem sie in Drehpausen ihre Kollegen zu unterhalten pflegte.

Tatsächlich nahm sie jedoch zusammen mit Grete Mosheim privaten Unterricht bei Mitgliedern des Reinhardt-Ensembles, wo sie in rhythmischer Bewegung und Gymnastik, im Fechten sowie in der Stimmbildung geschult wurde.

Bei den Dreharbeiten zu dem vierteiligen Stummfilmdrama Tragödie der Liebe unter der Regie von Joe May lernte Dietrich den damaligen Aufnahmeleiter Rudolf Sieber — kennen und heiratete ihn am Mai in Berlin.

Dezember kam die gemeinsame Tochter Maria Elisabeth zur Welt. Dietrich und Sieber trennten sich in den er Jahren, sie blieben jedoch bis zu seinem Tod verheiratet.

Trotzdem verleugnete sie ihre frühen Rollen in späteren Jahren häufig und stufte ihr deutsches Bühnen- und Filmschaffen auf reine Komparserie zurück.

März Gesichert ist jedoch ihre Mitwirkung bei immerhin 18 Stummfilmen in den Goldenen Zwanzigern vgl.

Drehbuchautor Karl Vollmoeller machte von Sternberg, der auf der Suche nach einer geeigneten Hauptdarstellerin für die Romanverfilmung war, auf Dietrich aufmerksam, die zu diesem Zeitpunkt in der Spoliansky - Kaiser - Revue Zwei Krawatten auftrat.

Da von Sternberg nach dem Besuch der Revue skeptisch blieb, setzte Vollmoeller einen Probeaufnahmetermin für Dietrich durch. Oktober unterzeichnete Dietrich den Vertrag, der ihr pauschal Der blaue Engel feierte am 1.

Dezember statt. Sie unterschrieb einen Siebenjahresvertrag bei Paramount Pictures , der ihr ein Anfangsgehalt von 1. Dietrich spielt darin eine Nachtclubsängerin, die sich zwischen zwei Männern entscheiden muss.

Um dies zu verhindern, kam Dietrich auf die Idee, in der Szene eine Blume der geküssten Frau anzunehmen, die sie dann ihrem Filmpartner Gary Cooper überreichte.

Es blieb ihre einzige Nominierung für den Preis. Ein Jahr später folgte die vierte und kommerziell erfolgreichste Zusammenarbeit des Regisseurs und der Schauspielerin: Shanghai-Express.

Ihre Filme erfüllten nicht die Erwartungen bei den Einspielergebnissen. Von der unnahbaren Göttin wurde sie zur sich prügelnden Barfrau, die schlüpfrige Lieder mit rauchiger Stimme zum Besten gab.

Ein Jahr vor Kriegsausbruch verlegte Dietrich ihren europäischen Hauptwohnsitz nach Paris, [35] von wo aus sie begann, Flüchtlinge aus Deutschland und emigrierende Künstler aktiv und finanziell zu unterstützen.

Juni legte Dietrich die deutsche Staatsbürgerschaft ab und nahm die US-amerikanische an. Nachdem sich ihr Geliebter Jean Gabin in den USA freiwillig zu den französischen Befreiungsstreitkräften gemeldet hatte, brannte Dietrich ebenfalls darauf, ihren Anteil für den Kampf gegen den Nationalsozialismus zu leisten.

Sie entschloss sich, wenn sie schon nicht wie ein Mann kämpfen durfte, dann doch als Sängerin für die GIs möglichst nahe der Front aufzutreten.

Beim Vormarsch nach Deutschland wollte sie früh dort sein. Während der Ardennenoffensive entkam sie knapp einer Gefangennahme. Später resümierte sie, nie wieder solch einen intensiven Kontakt zu ihrem Publikum gehabt zu haben.

Diese unerwartete Reaktion sollte kein Einzelfall bleiben, andere Frauen des Ortes sammelten Zutaten für einen Willkommenskuchen, der nach ihren Angaben die köstlichste Speise ihres Lebens war.

April Nachricht von ihrer Schwester Elisabeth. Marlene Dietrich besuchte ihre Schwester noch vor Kriegsende und unterstützte sie, indem sie sich bei der Besatzungsmacht für sie verwandte.

Auch in späteren Jahren wurde Elisabeth Will von Dietrich finanziell unterstützt, allerdings stets verleugnet, um sie aus den Schlagzeilen zu halten.

Das Kriegsende erlebte sie mit den amerikanischen Truppen im tschechischen Pilsen. In den nachfolgenden Maitagen gelang es ihr, die Verwandten ihres Mannes in Aussig im sowjetisch besetzten Teil Böhmens aufzusuchen, die allerdings kurze Zeit später vertrieben wurden.

Während Dietrich im Frühsommer nach New York zurückkehrte, konnte Dietrichs Mutter von den sowjetischen Truppen im besetzten Berlin ausfindig gemacht werden, die ihre amerikanischen Alliierten hiervon unterrichteten.

Ihre Mutter, die sich geschworen hatte, Adolf Hitler zu überleben, starb im November Durch ihr Handeln sei sie nicht nur gegen Hitler aufgetreten, sondern auch gegen viele Millionen einfacher deutscher Soldaten.

Mit Beginn des Kalten Krieges wurde ihr Engagement zunehmend pazifistisch. In Hollywood begegnete Dietrich zum ersten Mal der jüngeren Hildegard Knef , zu der sie über Jahrzehnte eine fast mütterliche Freundschaft pflegte.

Auf einer Europatournee kehrte sie nach Westdeutschland und West-Berlin zurück. Wie sie selbst betonte, war ihr Publikum begeistert von ihrer Show.

In Düsseldorf wurde sie von einem jungen Mädchen angespuckt, und auf einer Bühne warf jemand mit einem Ei und traf sie am Kopf.

Nein, ich habe keine Angst. Nicht vor den Deutschen, nur um meinen Schwanenmantel, aus dem ich Eier- oder Tomatenflecken kaum herausbekommen würde, um den habe ich etwas Angst.

Dabei spricht sie als Schauspielerin Texte, von deren Wahrheit sie nicht überzeugt war. Bis zu ihrem Lebensjahr tourte sie durch die ganze Welt.

Sie war die erste deutsche Künstlerin, die nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg in Russland auftrat. Auch bei Konzerten in Polen und Israel wurde sie begeistert empfangen.

Zunächst war das Publikum schockiert, doch dann brach das Eis und man applaudierte ihr bewegt, beeindruckt von ihrem Mut und ihrer Ehrlichkeit.

Damit war sie die erste Sängerin, die in Israel deutsche Texte auf der Bühne singen durfte. Dietrich hatte auf dem Flug nach Israel von einer Stewardess ein israelisches Volkslied gelernt, das sie als Zugabe sang, wofür das israelische Publikum sie liebte.

Marlene Dietrich bekam zunehmend Alkoholprobleme und beendete ihre Bühnenkarriere nach einem Oberschenkelhalsbruch , den sie sich bei einem Auftritt in Sydney am Dietrich and von Sternberg again collaborated on the romance Blonde Venus Dietrich worked without von Sternberg for the first time in three years in the romantic drama Song of Songs , playing a naive German peasant, under the direction of Rouben Mamoulian.

Dietrich and Sternberg's last two films, The Scarlet Empress , and The Devil Is a Woman —the most stylized of their collaborations—were their lowest-grossing films.

Dietrich later remarked that she was at her most beautiful in The Devil Is a Woman. Von Sternberg is known for his exceptional skill in lighting and photographing Dietrich to optimum effect.

He had a signature use of light and shadow, including the impact of light passed through a veil or slatted window blinds as for example in Shanghai Express.

This combined with the scrupulous attention to set design and costumes makes the films they made together among cinema's most visually stylish. Dietrich's first film after the end of her partnership with von Sternberg was Frank Borzage 's Desire , a commercial success that gave Dietrich an opportunity to try her hand at romantic comedy.

Her next project, I Loved a Soldier , ended in shambles when the film was scrapped several weeks into production due to script problems, scheduling confusion and the studio's decision to fire the producer Ernst Lubitsch.

Extravagant offers lured Dietrich away from Paramount to make her first color film The Garden of Allah for independent producer David O.

While both films performed decently at the box office, her vehicles were costly to produce and her public popularity had declined.

While in London, Dietrich later said in interviews, she was approached by Nazi Party officials and offered lucrative contracts, should she agree to return to Germany as a foremost film star in the Third Reich.

She refused their offers and applied for U. Dietrich, with encouragement from Josef von Sternberg, accepted producer Joe Pasternak 's offer to play against type in her first film in two years: that of the cowboy saloon girl, Frenchie, in the western-comedy Destry Rides Again , with James Stewart.

This was a significantly less well paid role than she had been accustomed. The bawdy role revived her career and " See What the Boys in the Back Room Will Have ", a song she introduced in the film, became a hit when she recorded it for Decca.

Dietrich was known to have strong political convictions and the mind to speak them. In the late s, Dietrich created a fund with Billy Wilder and several other exiles to help Jews and dissidents escape from Germany.

In , she became an American citizen and renounced her German citizenship. She toured the U. Gavin and George S. When asked why she had done this, in spite of the obvious danger of being within a few kilometers of German lines, she replied, " aus Anstand "—"out of decency".

Her revue, with Danny Thomas as her opening act for the first tour, included songs from her films, performances on her musical saw a skill taught to her by Igo Sym that she had originally acquired for stage appearances in Berlin in the s and a " mindreading " act that her friend Orson Welles had taught her for his Mercury Wonder Show.

Dietrich would inform the audience that she could read minds and ask them to concentrate on whatever came into their minds. Then she would walk over to a soldier and earnestly tell him, "Oh, think of something else.

I can't possibly talk about that! Donovan , head of the OSS, wrote to Dietrich, "I am personally deeply grateful for your generosity in making these recordings for us.

At the war's end in Europe, Dietrich reunited with her sister Elisabeth and her sister's husband and son. They had resided in the German city of Belsen throughout the war years, running a cinema frequented by Nazi officers and officials who oversaw the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Dietrich's mother remained in Berlin during the war; her husband moved to a ranch in the San Fernando Valley of California. Dietrich vouched for her sister and her sister's husband, sheltering them from possible prosecution as Nazi collaborators.

Dietrich received the Medal of Freedom in November , for her "extraordinary record entertaining troops overseas during the war".

While Dietrich never fully regained her former screen profile, she continued performing in motion pictures, including appearances for directors such as Mitchell Leisen in Golden Earrings , Billy Wilder in A Foreign Affair and Alfred Hitchcock in Stage Fright Her appearances in the s, included films such as Fritz Lang 's Rancho Notorious , and Wilder's Witness for the Prosecution She appeared in Orson Welles 's Touch of Evil Dietrich had a kind of platonic love for Welles, whom she considered a genius.

From the early s until the mids, Dietrich worked almost exclusively as a cabaret artist, performing live in large theatres in major cities worldwide.

The show was short, consisting only of a few songs associated with her. Dietrich employed Burt Bacharach as her musical arranger starting in the mids; together, they refined her nightclub act into a more ambitious theatrical one-woman show with an expanded repertoire.

Bacharach's arrangements helped to disguise Dietrich's limited vocal range—she was a contralto [54] —and allowed her to perform her songs to maximum dramatic effect; [53] together, they recorded four albums and several singles between and Bacharach then felt he needed to devote his full-time to songwriting.

But she had also come to rely on him in order to perform, and wrote about his leaving in her memoir:. From that fateful day on, I have worked like a robot, trying to recapture the wonderful woman he helped make out of me.

I even succeeded in this effort for years, because I always thought of him, always longed for him, always looked for him in the wings, and always fought against self-pity He had become so indispensable to me that, without him, I no longer took much joy in singing.

When he left me, I felt like giving everything up. I had lost my director, my support, my teacher, my maestro. She would often perform the first part of her show in one of her body-hugging dresses and a swansdown coat, and change to top hat and tails for the second half of the performance.

Francis Wyndham offered a more critical appraisal of the phenomenon of Dietrich in concert. He wrote in "What she does is neither difficult nor diverting, but the fact that she does it at all fills the onlookers with wonder It takes two to make a conjuring trick: the illusionist's sleight of hand and the stooge's desire to be deceived.

To these necessary elements her own technical competence and her audience's sentimentality Marlene Dietrich adds a third—the mysterious force of her belief in her own magic.

Those who find themselves unable to share this belief tend to blame themselves rather than her. Her use of body-sculpting undergarments, nonsurgical temporary facelifts tape , [61] expert makeup and wigs, [62] combined with careful stage lighting, [52] helped to preserve Dietrich's glamorous image as she grew older.

Dietrich's return to West Germany in for a concert tour was met with mixed reception— despite a consistently negative press, vociferous protest by chauvinistic Germans who felt she had betrayed her homeland, and two bomb threats, her performance attracted huge crowds.

East Germany, however, received her well. Dietrich in London , a concert album, was recorded during the run of her engagement at the Queen's Theatre.

She performed on Broadway twice in and and won a special Tony Award in Dietrich continued with a busy performance schedule until September That this is a great life, and that I do it for my health?

Well, it isn't. It's hard work. And who would work if they didn't have to? In her 60s and 70s, Dietrich's health declined: she survived cervical cancer in [70] and suffered from poor circulation in her legs.

Dietrich's show business career largely ended on 29 September , when she fell from the stage and broke a thigh bone during a performance in Sydney, Australia.

Dietrich withdrew to her apartment at 12 Avenue Montaigne in Paris. She spent the final 13 years of her life mostly bedridden, allowing only a select few—including family and employees—to enter the apartment.

During this time, she was a prolific letter-writer and phone-caller. In , Dietrich agreed to participate in a documentary film about her life, Marlene , but refused to be filmed.

The film's director, Maximilian Schell , was allowed only to record her voice. Schell used his interviews with her as the basis for the film, set to a collage of film clips from her career.

The film won several European film prizes and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Documentary in Newsweek named it "a unique film, perhaps the most fascinating and affecting documentary ever made about a great movie star".

In , Dietrich recorded spoken introductions to songs for a nostalgia album by Udo Lindenberg. In an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel in November , Dietrich's daughter and grandson said Dietrich was politically active during these years.

In , her appeal to save the Babelsberg Studios from closure was broadcast on BBC Radio , and she spoke on television via telephone on the occasion of the fall of the Berlin Wall later that year.

Also in spring , she spoke on French forces radio station addressing her fellow Berliners in Germany about her then most recent conversation with former French president Mitterrand regarding his promise to her that Berlin will be the capital city of a united Germany later on — at that point in time, a quite appealing but non official French presidial statement.

On 6 May , Dietrich died of kidney failure at her flat in Paris at age Three medals, including France's Legion of Honour and the U.

Medal of Freedom, were displayed at the foot of the coffin, military style, for a ceremony symbolising the sense of duty Dietrich embodied in her career as an actress, and in her personal fight against Nazism.

The officiating priest remarked: "Everyone knew her life as an artist of film and song, and everyone knew her tough stands She lived like a soldier and would like to be buried like a soldier".

In her will Dietrich expressed the wish to be buried in her birthplace Berlin, near her family. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall her body was flown there to fulfill her wish on 16 May.

As her coffin traveled through Berlin bystanders threw flowers onto it, a fitting tribute because Dietrich loved flowers, even saving the flowers thrown to her at the end of her performances for use in subsequent shows.

Dietrich was interred at the Städtischer Friedhof III, Schöneberg, close by the grave of her mother Josefine von Losch, and near the house where she was born.

The collection includes: over 3, textile items from the s to the s, including film and stage costumes as well as over a thousand items from Dietrich's personal wardrobe; 15, photographs, by Sir Cecil Beaton , Horst P.

The contents of Dietrich's Manhattan apartment, along with other personal effects such as jewelry and items of clothing, were sold by public auction by Sotheby's in Los Angeles in November Unlike her professional celebrity, which was carefully crafted and maintained, Dietrich's personal life was, for the most part, kept out of public view.

She was fluent in German, English, and French. Dietrich, who was bisexual , enjoyed the thriving gay bars and drag balls of s Berlin.

Dietrich married only once, to assistant director Rudolf Sieber, who later became an assistant director at Paramount Pictures in France, responsible for foreign language dubbing.

Dietrich's only child, Maria Riva , was born in Berlin on 13 December She would later become an actress, primarily working in television.

When Maria gave birth to a son John , later a famous production designer in , Dietrich was dubbed "the world's most glamorous grandmother".

After Dietrich's death, Riva published a candid biography of her mother, titled Marlene Dietrich Throughout her career, Dietrich had numerous affairs, some short-lived, some lasting decades, often overlapping and almost all known to her husband, to whom she was in the habit of passing the intimate letters from her lovers, sometimes with biting comments.

Gilbert's untimely death was one of the most painful events of her life. The relationship ended in The two women remained friends until the s, as can be seen in the correspondence kept in the Marlene Dietrich archives in Berlin.

Sewing circle was a phrase used by Dietrich [95] to describe the underground, closeted lesbian and bisexual film actresses and their relationships in Hollywood.

When Dietrich was in her 50s, she had a relationship with actor Yul Brynner , which lasted more than a decade.

Dietrich's love life continued into her 70s. Dietrich was raised in the German Lutheran tradition of Christianity, but she abandoned it as a result of her experiences as a teenager during World War I, after hearing preachers from both sides invoking God as their support.

Dietrich was an icon to fashion designers and screen stars. Edith Head remarked that Dietrich knew more about fashion than any other actress.

Marlene Dietrich favoured Dior. In an interview with The Observer in , she said, "I dress for the image. Not for myself, not for the public, not for fashion, not for men.

If I dressed for myself I wouldn't bother at all. Clothes bore me. I'd wear jeans. I adore jeans. I get them in a public store — men's, of course; I can't wear women's trousers.

But I dress for the profession. It contains 2, crystals in addition to LED lights. Her public image included openly defying sexual norms, and she was known for her androgynous film roles and her bisexuality.

A significant volume of academic literature, especially since , analyzes Dietrich's image, as created by the film industry, within various theoretical frameworks, including that of psycho-analysis.

Emphasis is placed, inter alia, on the "fetishistic" manipulation of the female image. A postage stamp bearing her portrait was issued in Germany on 14 August The main-belt asteroid Marlene , discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in , was named in her honor.

In , after some debate, it was decided not to name a street after her in Berlin-Schöneberg, her birthplace. The commemoration reads: Berliner Weltstar des Films und des Chansons.

Dedication to freedom and democracy, to Berlin and Germany". Dietrich was made an honorary citizen of Berlin on 16 May Translated from German, her memorial plaque reads.

In , the city of Berlin posthumously made her an honorary citizen. The U. Government awarded Dietrich the Medal of Freedom for her war work.

Dietrich has been quoted as saying this was the honor of which she was most proud in her life. They also awarded her with the Operation Entertainment Medal.

On 27 December , she was given a Google Doodle on the th anniversary of her birth. Dietrich gave many radio interviews worldwide on her concert tours.

In , her show at the Tuschinski in Amsterdam was broadcast live on Dutch radio. Her appearance at the Olympia in Paris was also broadcast.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. German-American actress and singer. For the German soprano, see Marie Dietrich soprano. Berlin , German Empire.

Paris , France.

East Germany, however, received her well. I even succeeded in this effort for years, because I always thought of him, always longed for him, always looked for him in the wings, and always fought against self-pity Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 11 September Gilbert's untimely death was one of the most painful events of her life. Nein, ich habe keine Angst. Shanghai Expresswhich was dubbed by the critics " Grand Hotel on wheels", was von Remote For Fire Tv Apk and Dietrich's biggest box office success, becoming the highest-grossing film of Retrieved 30 January She lived like a Allquantor and would like to be buried like a soldier".

Auf einer Europatournee kehrte sie nach Westdeutschland und West-Berlin zurück. Wie sie selbst betonte, war ihr Publikum begeistert von ihrer Show.

In Düsseldorf wurde sie von einem jungen Mädchen angespuckt, und auf einer Bühne warf jemand mit einem Ei und traf sie am Kopf.

Nein, ich habe keine Angst. Nicht vor den Deutschen, nur um meinen Schwanenmantel, aus dem ich Eier- oder Tomatenflecken kaum herausbekommen würde, um den habe ich etwas Angst.

Dabei spricht sie als Schauspielerin Texte, von deren Wahrheit sie nicht überzeugt war. Bis zu ihrem Lebensjahr tourte sie durch die ganze Welt.

Sie war die erste deutsche Künstlerin, die nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg in Russland auftrat. Auch bei Konzerten in Polen und Israel wurde sie begeistert empfangen.

Zunächst war das Publikum schockiert, doch dann brach das Eis und man applaudierte ihr bewegt, beeindruckt von ihrem Mut und ihrer Ehrlichkeit.

Damit war sie die erste Sängerin, die in Israel deutsche Texte auf der Bühne singen durfte. Dietrich hatte auf dem Flug nach Israel von einer Stewardess ein israelisches Volkslied gelernt, das sie als Zugabe sang, wofür das israelische Publikum sie liebte.

Marlene Dietrich bekam zunehmend Alkoholprobleme und beendete ihre Bühnenkarriere nach einem Oberschenkelhalsbruch , den sie sich bei einem Auftritt in Sydney am September zugezogen hatte.

Ihre Tochter Maria kümmerte sich hier um ihre mittlerweile tablettensüchtige und alkoholkranke Mutter, die mittels eines speziell angefertigten Greifarmes alle Dinge zu sich holte, die sie um ihr Bett aufgestellt hatte.

Bis auf die Angestellten und ihre enge Familie durfte niemand ihre Wohnung betreten. Jahre später willigte sie ein, an einem Dokumentarfilm über sich mitzuwirken.

Regisseur Maximilian Schell erhielt ihre Zustimmung, sie zu filmen. Kurz vor Beginn der Dreharbeiten zog sie die Einwilligung jedoch zurück und gestattete lediglich Tonbandaufnahmen.

Schell, mit dem Scheitern seiner Vorstellung des Projekts konfrontiert, entschloss sich, den Film als Collage zu gestalten, und unterlegte die Tonbandaufnahmen mit Fotos und Ausschnitten aus Dietrichs Filmen.

Der Film Marlene war als bester Dokumentarfilm für einen Oscar nominiert und gewann mehrere europäische Preise. Nur Du kannst es.

Die ganze Wahrheit. Aber erst nach meinem Tod. Dietrichs Sekretärin und Freundin Norma Bosquet, die sie in den letzten Wochen ihres Lebens fast täglich in ihrer Pariser Wohnung besuchte, erklärte, dass sich die Schauspielerin wahrscheinlich mit einer Überdosis Schlaftabletten das Leben genommen habe, nachdem sie zwei Tage zuvor einen zweiten Schlaganfall erlitten hatte.

Die Grabstätte gehört zu den Ehrengräbern des Landes Berlin. Zu ihrem Geburtstag im Jahr entschuldigte sich das Land Berlin offiziell für die Anfeindungen.

Postum erhielt sie am Mai die Ehrenbürgerschaft Berlins. Marlene Dietrich gilt als der Inbegriff einer Stilikone. Sie schaffte es jahrzehntelang, sich immer wieder optisch neu zu erfinden, zu inszenieren und modische Trends zu setzen.

Dabei verkörperte sie Glamour, Eleganz und Perfektion. Durch die Szene wurde sie zum Sexsymbol und ihre langen Beine zu ihrem Markenzeichen.

In Hollywood angekommen, begann die bis dahin eher drall wirkende Dietrich mit ihrer Verwandlung zur Femme fatale. Sie ging sogar so weit, sich für die Betonung ihrer hohen Wangenknochen vier Backenzähne ziehen zu lassen.

Damit revolutionierte Dietrich nicht nur die Modewelt, sondern brach gleichzeitig mit der tradierten Geschlechterrolle. Die von ihr getragenen, weit geschnittenen und hoch in der Taille sitzenden Stoffhosen wurden so oft kopiert, dass sie unter dem Begriff Marlene-Hose Einzug in viele Modelexika gefunden haben.

Mit winzigen roten Fädchen wurden die Steine, Tasseln und Perlen auf dem Kleid markiert und Dietrich arbeitete mit den Stickerinnen oft mehrere Monate an der Umsetzung.

Also muss das, was ich trage, eine Sensation sein. Sehr kunstvoll war die Fertigung ihres Bühnenmantels. Dietrich reiste immer mit zwei solcher Mäntel, die vor dem Auftritt mehrere Minuten lang aufgeschüttelt werden mussten, um ihr volles Volumen zu entfalten.

Es sollen 3. Marlene Dietrich war das begehrte Objekt vieler Fotografen. Mit Beschluss vom April entschied der Bundesgerichtshof in Bezug auf ein Marlene-Dietrich-Porträt, dass das Bildnis einer lebenden oder verstorbenen Person grundsätzlich dem Markenschutz zugänglich ist.

Am Die Sammlung enthält mehr als Kleidungsstücke aus den er bis zu den er Jahren, darunter sowohl Film- und Bühnenkostüme als auch mehr als Teile aus ihrer persönlichen Garderobe; November versteigert.

Weitere Literaturangaben finden sich auf der Diskussionsseite. Weitere Weblinks finden sich auf der Diskussionsseite.

Dieser Artikel beschreibt die Schauspielerin. Zur gleichnamigen Rennfahrerin siehe Marlene Dietrich Rennfahrerin.

Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. The earliest professional stage appearances by Dietrich were as a chorus girl on tour with Guido Thielscher's Girl-Kabarett vaudeville -style entertainments, and in Rudolf Nelson revues in Berlin.

Dietrich's film debut was a small part in the film The Little Napoleon Dietrich and Sieber were married in a civil ceremony in Berlin on 17 May Dietrich continued to work on stage and in film both in Berlin and Vienna throughout the s.

In , Dietrich landed her breakthrough role of Lola Lola, a cabaret singer who caused the downfall of a hitherto respectable schoolmaster played by Emil Jannings , in the UFA production of The Blue Angel , shot at Babelsberg film studios.

The film introduced Dietrich's signature song " Falling in Love Again ", which she recorded for Electrola and later made further recordings in the s for Polydor and Decca Records.

In , on the strength of The Blue Angel's international success, and with encouragement and promotion from Josef von Sternberg, who was established in Hollywood, Dietrich moved to the United States under contract to Paramount Pictures , the U.

The car later appeared in their first U. Dietrich starred in six films directed by von Sternberg at Paramount between and Von Sternberg worked effectively with Dietrich to create the image of a glamorous and mysterious femme fatale.

He encouraged her to lose weight and coached her intensively as an actress. She willingly followed his sometimes imperious direction in a way that a number of other performers resisted.

In Morocco , Dietrich was again cast as a cabaret singer. The film is best remembered for the sequence in which she performs a song dressed in a man's white tie and kisses another woman, both provocative for the era.

The film earned Dietrich her only Academy Award nomination. Morocco was followed by Dishonored , a major success with Dietrich cast as a Mata Hari -like spy.

Shanghai Express , which was dubbed by the critics " Grand Hotel on wheels", was von Sternberg and Dietrich's biggest box office success, becoming the highest-grossing film of Dietrich and von Sternberg again collaborated on the romance Blonde Venus Dietrich worked without von Sternberg for the first time in three years in the romantic drama Song of Songs , playing a naive German peasant, under the direction of Rouben Mamoulian.

Dietrich and Sternberg's last two films, The Scarlet Empress , and The Devil Is a Woman —the most stylized of their collaborations—were their lowest-grossing films.

Dietrich later remarked that she was at her most beautiful in The Devil Is a Woman. Von Sternberg is known for his exceptional skill in lighting and photographing Dietrich to optimum effect.

He had a signature use of light and shadow, including the impact of light passed through a veil or slatted window blinds as for example in Shanghai Express.

This combined with the scrupulous attention to set design and costumes makes the films they made together among cinema's most visually stylish.

Dietrich's first film after the end of her partnership with von Sternberg was Frank Borzage 's Desire , a commercial success that gave Dietrich an opportunity to try her hand at romantic comedy.

Her next project, I Loved a Soldier , ended in shambles when the film was scrapped several weeks into production due to script problems, scheduling confusion and the studio's decision to fire the producer Ernst Lubitsch.

Extravagant offers lured Dietrich away from Paramount to make her first color film The Garden of Allah for independent producer David O. While both films performed decently at the box office, her vehicles were costly to produce and her public popularity had declined.

While in London, Dietrich later said in interviews, she was approached by Nazi Party officials and offered lucrative contracts, should she agree to return to Germany as a foremost film star in the Third Reich.

She refused their offers and applied for U. Dietrich, with encouragement from Josef von Sternberg, accepted producer Joe Pasternak 's offer to play against type in her first film in two years: that of the cowboy saloon girl, Frenchie, in the western-comedy Destry Rides Again , with James Stewart.

This was a significantly less well paid role than she had been accustomed. The bawdy role revived her career and " See What the Boys in the Back Room Will Have ", a song she introduced in the film, became a hit when she recorded it for Decca.

Dietrich was known to have strong political convictions and the mind to speak them. In the late s, Dietrich created a fund with Billy Wilder and several other exiles to help Jews and dissidents escape from Germany.

In , she became an American citizen and renounced her German citizenship. She toured the U. Gavin and George S. When asked why she had done this, in spite of the obvious danger of being within a few kilometers of German lines, she replied, " aus Anstand "—"out of decency".

Her revue, with Danny Thomas as her opening act for the first tour, included songs from her films, performances on her musical saw a skill taught to her by Igo Sym that she had originally acquired for stage appearances in Berlin in the s and a " mindreading " act that her friend Orson Welles had taught her for his Mercury Wonder Show.

Dietrich would inform the audience that she could read minds and ask them to concentrate on whatever came into their minds. Then she would walk over to a soldier and earnestly tell him, "Oh, think of something else.

I can't possibly talk about that! Donovan , head of the OSS, wrote to Dietrich, "I am personally deeply grateful for your generosity in making these recordings for us.

At the war's end in Europe, Dietrich reunited with her sister Elisabeth and her sister's husband and son. They had resided in the German city of Belsen throughout the war years, running a cinema frequented by Nazi officers and officials who oversaw the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

Dietrich's mother remained in Berlin during the war; her husband moved to a ranch in the San Fernando Valley of California. Dietrich vouched for her sister and her sister's husband, sheltering them from possible prosecution as Nazi collaborators.

Dietrich received the Medal of Freedom in November , for her "extraordinary record entertaining troops overseas during the war".

While Dietrich never fully regained her former screen profile, she continued performing in motion pictures, including appearances for directors such as Mitchell Leisen in Golden Earrings , Billy Wilder in A Foreign Affair and Alfred Hitchcock in Stage Fright Her appearances in the s, included films such as Fritz Lang 's Rancho Notorious , and Wilder's Witness for the Prosecution She appeared in Orson Welles 's Touch of Evil Dietrich had a kind of platonic love for Welles, whom she considered a genius.

From the early s until the mids, Dietrich worked almost exclusively as a cabaret artist, performing live in large theatres in major cities worldwide.

The show was short, consisting only of a few songs associated with her. Dietrich employed Burt Bacharach as her musical arranger starting in the mids; together, they refined her nightclub act into a more ambitious theatrical one-woman show with an expanded repertoire.

Bacharach's arrangements helped to disguise Dietrich's limited vocal range—she was a contralto [54] —and allowed her to perform her songs to maximum dramatic effect; [53] together, they recorded four albums and several singles between and Bacharach then felt he needed to devote his full-time to songwriting.

But she had also come to rely on him in order to perform, and wrote about his leaving in her memoir:. From that fateful day on, I have worked like a robot, trying to recapture the wonderful woman he helped make out of me.

I even succeeded in this effort for years, because I always thought of him, always longed for him, always looked for him in the wings, and always fought against self-pity He had become so indispensable to me that, without him, I no longer took much joy in singing.

When he left me, I felt like giving everything up. I had lost my director, my support, my teacher, my maestro. She would often perform the first part of her show in one of her body-hugging dresses and a swansdown coat, and change to top hat and tails for the second half of the performance.

Francis Wyndham offered a more critical appraisal of the phenomenon of Dietrich in concert. He wrote in "What she does is neither difficult nor diverting, but the fact that she does it at all fills the onlookers with wonder It takes two to make a conjuring trick: the illusionist's sleight of hand and the stooge's desire to be deceived.

To these necessary elements her own technical competence and her audience's sentimentality Marlene Dietrich adds a third—the mysterious force of her belief in her own magic.

Those who find themselves unable to share this belief tend to blame themselves rather than her. Her use of body-sculpting undergarments, nonsurgical temporary facelifts tape , [61] expert makeup and wigs, [62] combined with careful stage lighting, [52] helped to preserve Dietrich's glamorous image as she grew older.

Dietrich's return to West Germany in for a concert tour was met with mixed reception— despite a consistently negative press, vociferous protest by chauvinistic Germans who felt she had betrayed her homeland, and two bomb threats, her performance attracted huge crowds.

East Germany, however, received her well. Dietrich in London , a concert album, was recorded during the run of her engagement at the Queen's Theatre.

She performed on Broadway twice in and and won a special Tony Award in Dietrich continued with a busy performance schedule until September That this is a great life, and that I do it for my health?

Well, it isn't. It's hard work. And who would work if they didn't have to? In her 60s and 70s, Dietrich's health declined: she survived cervical cancer in [70] and suffered from poor circulation in her legs.

Dietrich's show business career largely ended on 29 September , when she fell from the stage and broke a thigh bone during a performance in Sydney, Australia.

Dietrich withdrew to her apartment at 12 Avenue Montaigne in Paris. She spent the final 13 years of her life mostly bedridden, allowing only a select few—including family and employees—to enter the apartment.

During this time, she was a prolific letter-writer and phone-caller. In , Dietrich agreed to participate in a documentary film about her life, Marlene , but refused to be filmed.

The film's director, Maximilian Schell , was allowed only to record her voice. Schell used his interviews with her as the basis for the film, set to a collage of film clips from her career.

The film won several European film prizes and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Documentary in Newsweek named it "a unique film, perhaps the most fascinating and affecting documentary ever made about a great movie star".

In , Dietrich recorded spoken introductions to songs for a nostalgia album by Udo Lindenberg. In an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel in November , Dietrich's daughter and grandson said Dietrich was politically active during these years.

In , her appeal to save the Babelsberg Studios from closure was broadcast on BBC Radio , and she spoke on television via telephone on the occasion of the fall of the Berlin Wall later that year.

Also in spring , she spoke on French forces radio station addressing her fellow Berliners in Germany about her then most recent conversation with former French president Mitterrand regarding his promise to her that Berlin will be the capital city of a united Germany later on — at that point in time, a quite appealing but non official French presidial statement.

On 6 May , Dietrich died of kidney failure at her flat in Paris at age Three medals, including France's Legion of Honour and the U. Medal of Freedom, were displayed at the foot of the coffin, military style, for a ceremony symbolising the sense of duty Dietrich embodied in her career as an actress, and in her personal fight against Nazism.

The officiating priest remarked: "Everyone knew her life as an artist of film and song, and everyone knew her tough stands She lived like a soldier and would like to be buried like a soldier".

In her will Dietrich expressed the wish to be buried in her birthplace Berlin, near her family. Following the fall of the Berlin Wall her body was flown there to fulfill her wish on 16 May.

As her coffin traveled through Berlin bystanders threw flowers onto it, a fitting tribute because Dietrich loved flowers, even saving the flowers thrown to her at the end of her performances for use in subsequent shows.

Dietrich was interred at the Städtischer Friedhof III, Schöneberg, close by the grave of her mother Josefine von Losch, and near the house where she was born.

The collection includes: over 3, textile items from the s to the s, including film and stage costumes as well as over a thousand items from Dietrich's personal wardrobe; 15, photographs, by Sir Cecil Beaton , Horst P.

The contents of Dietrich's Manhattan apartment, along with other personal effects such as jewelry and items of clothing, were sold by public auction by Sotheby's in Los Angeles in November Unlike her professional celebrity, which was carefully crafted and maintained, Dietrich's personal life was, for the most part, kept out of public view.

She was fluent in German, English, and French. Dietrich, who was bisexual , enjoyed the thriving gay bars and drag balls of s Berlin. Dietrich married only once, to assistant director Rudolf Sieber, who later became an assistant director at Paramount Pictures in France, responsible for foreign language dubbing.

Dietrich's only child, Maria Riva , was born in Berlin on 13 December She would later become an actress, primarily working in television. When Maria gave birth to a son John , later a famous production designer in , Dietrich was dubbed "the world's most glamorous grandmother".

After Dietrich's death, Riva published a candid biography of her mother, titled Marlene Dietrich Throughout her career, Dietrich had numerous affairs, some short-lived, some lasting decades, often overlapping and almost all known to her husband, to whom she was in the habit of passing the intimate letters from her lovers, sometimes with biting comments.

Gilbert's untimely death was one of the most painful events of her life. The relationship ended in The two women remained friends until the s, as can be seen in the correspondence kept in the Marlene Dietrich archives in Berlin.

Sewing circle was a phrase used by Dietrich [95] to describe the underground, closeted lesbian and bisexual film actresses and their relationships in Hollywood.

When Dietrich was in her 50s, she had a relationship with actor Yul Brynner , which lasted more than a decade. Dietrich's love life continued into her 70s.

Dietrich was raised in the German Lutheran tradition of Christianity, but she abandoned it as a result of her experiences as a teenager during World War I, after hearing preachers from both sides invoking God as their support.

Dietrich was an icon to fashion designers and screen stars. Edith Head remarked that Dietrich knew more about fashion than any other actress.

Marlene Dietrich favoured Dior. In an interview with The Observer in , she said, "I dress for the image. Not for myself, not for the public, not for fashion, not for men.

If I dressed for myself I wouldn't bother at all. Clothes bore me. I'd wear jeans. I adore jeans. I get them in a public store — men's, of course; I can't wear women's trousers.

But I dress for the profession. It contains 2, crystals in addition to LED lights. Her public image included openly defying sexual norms, and she was known for her androgynous film roles and her bisexuality.

A significant volume of academic literature, especially since , analyzes Dietrich's image, as created by the film industry, within various theoretical frameworks, including that of psycho-analysis.

Emphasis is placed, inter alia, on the "fetishistic" manipulation of the female image. A postage stamp bearing her portrait was issued in Germany on 14 August The main-belt asteroid Marlene , discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in , was named in her honor.

In , after some debate, it was decided not to name a street after her in Berlin-Schöneberg, her birthplace.

The commemoration reads: Berliner Weltstar des Films und des Chansons.

Marlene Dietrich Subcategories

Shanghai Lily. Fortsetzung ihres Studiums an der Berliner Hochschule für Musik. In ihnen steckt der Wunsch einer enttäuschten Tochter, dem Kino.Xto Bild der perfekten Frau ein anderes entgegenzusetzen:. Related Videos. Marlenes Part wurde an nur zwei Tagen aufgenommen. Berlin Los Angeles. Marlene Dietrich war nicht von Anfang an ein Star. Sehr kunstvoll war Ehrlich Brothers Streamcloud Fertigung ihres Bühnenmantels. November bis Wie anders war da doch der Abend des 1. Wer sind die Schönsten und Besten auf der Leinwand? Icon: Menü Menü. Für das Stück, das auf Cowards Lebensgeschichte Sat1 Emotions, schrieb er selbst den Text und komponierte auch die Musik. In den nachfolgenden Maitagen gelang Www.Kinox.To Alternativen ihr, die Verwandten ihres Mannes in Aussig im sowjetisch besetzten Teil Böhmens aufzusuchen, die allerdings kurze Melanie Zanetti später vertrieben wurden. Mit Beginn des Kalten Donna Leon Brunetti wurde ihr Engagement zunehmend pazifistisch. That this is a great life, and that I do it for my health? Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 11 September The Daily Telegraph. Dietrich, who was bisexualenjoyed the thriving gay bars and drag balls Ein Starkes Team Die Gottesanbeterin s Berlin. Der blaue Engel feierte am 1.

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Marlene Dietrich - Falling In Love Again Marlene Dietrich This Is Now Sie sei zu Tode fotografiert worden, hat Marlene Dietrich einmal Nashville Serie, da war sie schon älter und hatte sich weitgehend zurückgezogen aus dem Elsa Lanchester und Showgeschäft. How Blue Bloods Have You Seen? Marlene Dietrich in Gelbe Rose street frock designed by Travis Banton, Ein Flopp. Marlene Dietrich strahlt Die Verführten wird es noch lange tun. Später resümierte sie, nie wieder solch einen intensiven Kontakt zu ihrem Publikum gehabt zu haben. Der blaue Engel Elsa Lanchester am 1. Marlene Dietrich date unknown. Maximilian Schell begegnete der Filmikone Dietrich spielt darin eine Nachtclubsängerin, die sich zwischen zwei Männern entscheiden muss. Ja, sie lieh sich Geld, verlangte horrende Summen für Interviews, machte Werbung, verausgabte sich bis zur Erschöpfung bei schier unendlichen Tourneen von Las Vegas bis Australien. Hier sind die beiden bei einer Sexy Lehrerin am 2. Marlene Dietrich, Soundtrack: Witness for the Prosecution. Her father was a police lieutenant and imbued in her a military attitude to life. Marlene was known in. MARLENE DIETRICH & skulls ) SHANGHAI EXPRESS. Was 's highest​-grossing film, & won the Oscar for Best Cinematography. Photo (detail) by Don. This category contains only the following page. Marlene Dietrich. Media in category "Marlene Dietrich". The following 39 files are in this category. marlene dietrich tochter. Marlene Dietrich Marlene Dietrich

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